What is a Good CPM? Understanding CPM for B2B

Published by Yash Chawlani on

Advertisements are the most direct way of marketing your brand, product, or services. Advertisement is what delivers your marketing content to your audience through various channels at a very large scale and in a relatively short time.

 

Pricing for advertisements was a relatively easy affair in the earlier days. For print media, it was the page and size of adverts and for televisions and radios, it was the duration and time slots that decided the cost for advertising.

 

Advertisement on the internet works differently, the traditional measures that decide the cost of advertisements do not work here. What we have for the digital space is ‘Impressions’, the number of times an advert is loaded onto a webpage.

 

So how exactly does the pricing for advertisements work using ‘Impressions’ as a measure? The most widely used method is CPM, i.e. Cost Per Mille (Mille is derived from Latin, meaning ‘a thousand’).

 

Image Courtesy – madgicx.com

 

Let Us Understand CPM Properly

Before we talk about what can be considered a ‘good CPM’, let’s understand what CPM is. Cost per mille (thousand) is the most widely used metric for pricing web advertisements in Marketing. The main component of this metric is Impressions, which is the count of digital views or the count of times an advertisement was loaded on a webpage.

 

Other metrics like Cost Per Click are also used for pricing web adverts but by far the majority of the top advertising platforms primarily use CPM for display advert pricing.

 

Image Courtesy – theonlineadvertisingguide.com

 

Using the CPM model, the advertiser agrees to pay the advertising platform or website a set fee for every 1000 times their advertisement is viewed or is loaded along with the webpage in the browser window.

 

So if the advertisement rate of a website or advertisement platform is $3 CPM, that means they’re charging you $3 for every 1000 times your advert will be viewed or loaded on their webpage or platform.

 

What is a Good CPM in B2B?

This is a difficult question to answer and most experienced marketers in the B2B space will tell you that a good CPM is subjective and highly depends on the objectives of the advertisement campaign and the advertisement platform.

 

Let’s consider that for an advertisement platform the average CPM for B2B is $4. If you land a deal for a CPM of $3.50 and you achieve the objectives of the advertisement campaign, the CPM can be said to be good.

 

In case you landed a deal for a CPM of $6 and did accomplish the objectives of the advertisement campaign then, despite paying above the industry average, your CPM can be considered to be a good one.

 

So the crux of it is, a low CPM is not always good. As long as the objectives of the advertisement campaign are being met and the CPM is within reasonable limits of the industry average, the CPM can be considered as good.

 

Facebook is considered the best B2B advertising platform and as per the latest figures, the average Cost per mille stands at $22.50. So, for Facebook B2B advertising, a CPM within reasonable limits of $22.50 that achieves all the objectives of your advertisement campaigns will be considered a good CPM.

 

CPM v/s Other Advertisement Metrics

There are some inherent problems with CPM as a metric for advertisement which has led to wide usage of other metrics. These are:

 

Cost per Click (CPC)

The average price you pay every time a viewer clicks on the link in your ad and lands on your website is known as Cost per Click. Unlike CPM, here you’re paying for the actual interaction a viewer has with your ad.

Image Courtesy – theonlineadvertisingguide.com

 

Using the CPC model is the best way of driving traffic to your website as you’re only paying for people who actually land on your site and not just for impressions. Results for CPC are very easy to track and understand compared to CPM. It also gives more ease of mind to advertisers as you only pay for what you get.

 

Cost per Engagement (CPE)

Cost per Engagement is the average price you pay every time a viewer interacts with your advert. The interaction may be in the form of clicking a link in your ad, liking your post, sharing it, or commenting on it.

 

 

Image Courtesy – theonlineadvertisingguide.com

 

CPE is a good metric for two things. First, its performance is visible in the form of post likes, comments, and shares, and second, these interactions raise the engagement of a post which in turn makes most social media platform algorithms boost the reach of these posts, earning you more organic reach. Plus, its visible to other people you reach as ‘validation’.

 

Imagine seeing a sponsored post on your feed that links to an article. This post has no likes, comments, or shares. On the other side, imagine seeing the same post with several likes, shares, and comments. Which one are you more likely to click?

 

CPE is better for advertisers who are trying to boost the overall engagement of adverts on social media.

 

Cost per 1000 Reached

This is the average price you pay to have your advertisement placed in front of 1000 people. How does it differe from CRM? Cost per 1000 reached only counts unique impressions whereas CPM counts all impressions.

 

This metric is a better choice than CPM if you’re planning to run an awareness campaign which reaches as many people as possible. This metric shows you how many actual viewers saw your ad and not how many times your ad was displayed.

 

Factors that affect CPM

There are varying factors that determine the CPM value. Some can be tweaked and controlled while some cannot be. We’ve listed down some notable determinants that affect the CPM value. They are:

 

Geography

The CPM value depends upon how developed the online and digital space is in a region or country and the per capita purchasing power of the inhabitants of that region or country. The CPM values are higher in Northern Americas and Europe compared to Asia and South America.

 

Image Courtesy – metricool.com

 

Ad Format

The CPM value also depends on the format in which you are advertising. For instance, the CPM value for a video advert will be more than that for a static image advert.

 

Image Courtesy – madgicx.com

 

Ad Size

The space you require to put up your advert on a website or a webpage will affect your CPM value. CPM value is directly proportional to the size of your advert in terms of webpage space it shall occupy.

 

Image Courtesy – google.com

 

Seasonality

Web traffic fluctuates a lot from season to season and so do spending habits. The CPM values are usually high during the holiday season when people are looking to spend on gifts to buy things for festivities. Seasonality differs from region to region.

 

Image Courtesy – dapex.io

 

Market Demand for Your Set of Audience

If you’re targeting a certain set of Audiences, the market demand for this particular set of audiences will affect the CPM value. Market demand for a particular set of audiences is directly proportional to the CPM value. The more competitors you have bidding for the placement, the more price you will pay.

 

Number of Ads on a Webpage

This is a classical case of supply and demand. Demand being constant, additional advert slots on a web page will drive down the value of CPM.

 

Device

Mobile-only adverts will have a lower CPM compared to Desktops owing to the screen size, resolution limitation, lower CTR, and conversion rate. This is changing for B2C however, as most B2C users on platforms like social media are on mobile. B2B users, on the other hand, are more likely to take action on desktop.

 

Optimizing CPM for Advertising

Knowing what factors affect the value of CPM helps advertisers devise ways of optimizing the CPM value to a level that suits their budgets and still accomplishes campaign objectives. Some effective ways of doing so are:

 

Targeting the Right Audience

Reaching the people who may be interested in your brand has two positive effects. Firstly, you’re spending effectively by reaching the right people, and secondly, reaching the right people raises your advert’s relevance score which in turn lowers your CPM.

 

Not Opting for an Overly Specific Target Audience

Opting for an overly-specific set of audiences results in excess demand over the supply which raises the CPM as a result. The key here is to be specific but not to an extent that leads to a situation of excess demand for a specific audience over its supply. Plus, a very small audience might not get the number of impressions you want.

 

Improving the Relevance Score of Your Ad

Advertisement platforms take note of how relevant your ads are to the audience and score them accordingly. Improving your ad’s relevance score has benefits and ads with higher relevance scores are boosted in terms of reach by most advertisement platforms’ algorithms which results in a lower effective CPM for you. Highly relevant copywriting along with the content displayed once visitors get to your website should increase the relevance scores. Factors like pageload speed and overall user experience also contribute to this.

 

Create Engaging Ads

Creating catchy adverts is very important as most of the people on the internet are used to scrolling past or ignoring irrelevant and lackluster ads. Creating a standout ad has two benefits, firstly your audience will pay attention to it and most likely will share it, and secondly, it will boost the engagement rate which in turn results in lower CPM for you.

 

Image Courtesy – Sprout Social

 

A/B Testing

Split testing your advertisements in terms of audience, ad content, CTA, Ad formats, etc. will enable you to understand what’s working and what’s not. With this knowledge, you can create ads that generate higher relevance scores, engagement and shares which in terms directly or indirectly lower your CPM.

 

Image Courtesy – Hallam Internet

 

Selecting the Right Ad Format

Yes, Video ads are more effective but do you need one? Knowing what message you need to deliver is important as it will help you choose the right ad format. If you need to deliver a short message, an image ad will be sufficient for it.

 

Ad Timing and Frequency

Deciding when to show your ad and how many times to show it are important decisions. As stated earlier, engagement and relevance are two important determinants of CPM.

 

Right ad timing and frequency will help you raise engagement and relevance score and in turn, those two will help lower your CPM.

 

Image Courtesy – Sprout Social

 

Wrapping it Up

Though there are Marketers out there who say that CPM is an obsolete Advertising Metric, CPM is still relevant and widely used. This is because other Metrics serve specific roles for specific advertisement campaign objective completion.

 

CPM is still the most generalized, all-inclusive Advertisement Metric. Understanding what a good CPM is, what all factors affect it, and how it can be optimized is crucial for young Marketers and offers a significant competitive advantage to them.

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Categories: Marketing

Yash Chawlani

Yash Chawlani is a Freelance Content Marketing Strategist who is known by his personal brand Merlin. He specializes in SEO and Social Media and helps B2B and SaaS companies out there with his top-notch content strategies. In his spare time, you can either find him in the gym or on the football field.

Nilangan Ray, Marketing Head Nilangan from Salespanel

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